Test 3 Notes - Test 3 Notes 10-27-2009 H istory of...

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Test 3 Notes 10-27-2009 History of Corrections : 1. Personal Retaliation : Family/Tribe would retaliate on other families/tribes 2. Blood Feud: Tribe would avenge if someone violated a person (charge whole tribe for a crime committed by 1 person) 3. Lex Salica: Give land/objects (accepting money/objects to right a wrong) 4. Outlaw: Exile, if refused to right wrong (considered to be dead) 5. *Lex Talionis* : Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth (1 st public punishment) a. Example 21:24 b. Retribution Sumerians Codes: 1 st quality attempt to write down laws. Written 100 yrs prior to b.c. Hammurable codes Goals of punishment : 1. Schools of Criminological Thoughts a. Classical i. Retribution: Desire for revenge ii. Deterrence: trect of or actual imposition punishment for a wrong doing 1. General: people who have never committed a crime b. Special/specific : person who actually committed a crime c. Positive i. Incapacitation: removing offender from society ii. Rehabilitation: treating offender as if s/he were sick (mentally)
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d. Muller’s TV Model a. Public Standards of decency Retribution Deterrence Incapacitation Rehabilitation 2. History of Imprisonment a. Eastern Penitentiary System (1790) aka: Philadelphia system i. Bible => rehabilitation ii. Isolation was the goal b. New York State Prison (1819) aka Auburn System : 1. Deportation/Importation model: Artificial environment/Personality of inmates 2. Phillip Zimbardo (sociological): Roles can elicit psychological behavior (Pains of Imprisonment)
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3. Stanley Milgram (Psychological): Shock experiment => shows that people would do anything to escape the blame 4. Solomon Ashe (socio-psychological): Getting someone to change their mind, 90% of the time the person would change their mind Jail VS Prison Pretrial Detainee 1 max security chamber for death row inmates Convicted => 18 months State security worse than federal Prison Riots 1. Lock Psychosis - allows guards to keep prisoners behind bars 2. Convict Bogey – Public fears we have of inmates (chaos theory) 3. Walnut Street Jail – 1 st riot (1773) 4. Attica prison Riot a. Maximum security (1971) i. Officers white ii. 1 shower per person b. McKay Commissions Report => can’t beat inmates (1971) 5. Prison Overcrowding Theories a. increase crime/arrest rates b. People coming out unchanged average age 18-34 6. Prison Overcrowding Solutions: a. Brick n’ Mortar (build more)
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b. Front End : Probation, revise sentencing c. Back End: Parole, Revising “good time” credit(day for day) 11-3-2009 Corrections 2 Basic Justifications for relieving criminal responsibility 1. Not guilty by reason of insanity 2. Incompetent to stand trial Guilty, but insane Prediction of Dangerousness : H1: person is dangerous H0: person is not dangerous Alpha error ( type 1 ) => false positive Beta error ( type 2 ) => true positive Mentally III Offender McNaughton Rule – if a person didn’t know nature/quality of their actions they
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Test 3 Notes - Test 3 Notes 10-27-2009 H istory of...

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