hist120-01_murphey92208 - HIST120-01 Murphey p.78-88,...

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HIST120-01 Murphey p.78-88, 112-125, 185-198 September 17-22, 2008 Ceylon Called Sri Lanka since 1975 – lies w/in tip of S India o Dvp distinctive culture/identity 6 th C BCE Sanskrit/Aryan speaking prince Vijaya came to Ceylon by sea from NW India and esta kngdm o Followers of Vijaya called Sinhala and b/c dominant inhabitants as Sinhalese (Singhalese) o Brought literacy, writing, rel, tech, culture (irrigation, rice) of late Vedic N India Joined by settlers from Bengal Displaced Neolithic inhabitants, Veddas By 1 st C BCE, Sinhalese constructed sys of irrigated rice agriculture o Rain fall in brief pd – dry Sinhalese kngdm constructed tanks to catch rain and stream runoff for rice fields; dams; canals o B/c of large pop, corvee (conscript labor) built and maintained irrigation works, palaces and temples Ceylon was first area beyond India to which Buddhism spread until 3C o Produced sculpture/architecture – world’s largest temples/stupas, statues By CE, settlements from Dravidian Tamil speakers of S India along w/Sinhalese The Guptas and the Empire of Harsha Ruled from 320-550 CE o Pataliputra capital again o Still trade w/SE Asia Life and Culture in the Guptan Pd Peacefulness, mildness of govt; crime rare; hospitals; vegetarians; Buddhism slowly replaced by original Hinduism o Golden age of Sanskrit lit, classic Indian sculpture and art The Collapse of the Guptas 550 CE Gupta destroyed by White Huns (Iraninans/Turks from C Asia) Indian reverted back to regional str o Final indigenous effort at unification => reign of Harsha (606-648) who joined sep kngdms of N together and reflowered Sanskrit lit/art Encouraged Buddhism Died w/o heir => factional fighting Women in Ancient India
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Evidence to show that early Indian society in S was matriarchal – women held eco/social pwr; prop, status, family names descended through female line From Vedic times, Aryan N more patriarchal o But control over some personal prop; not priests, but b/c nuns By Mauryan era, emphasis on marriage and care of family as female role o Although upper-class women were educated privately By Gupta times, restrictions increased, widows couldn’t remarry o Freest women were probably courtesans/high-class prostitutes – usually well educated and versed in classics, art, dance, music, poetry, flower arranging, riddles, fencing; another grp were hereditary dancers in
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIST 120 taught by Professor Witek during the Fall '08 term at Georgetown.

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hist120-01_murphey92208 - HIST120-01 Murphey p.78-88,...

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