Buddhism in China

Buddhism in China - BUDDHISM IN CHINA The Qing dynasty was...

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BUDDHISM IN CHINA The Qing dynasty was a Manchu dynasty – the Chinese are ruled by a minority group o Not claiming that it rules Tibet, but is attentive to any threats Tibet will undergo o The Chinese are called upon by the Tibetans for military assistance b/c Tibet does not have a standard army Ch’ien-lung sends army to move Burkas out Ambans – the Chinese govt set up a type of relationship in which it is the ambans who will assure that the child that will b/c the Dalai Lama in the future will be chosen by the agency of the ambans; they will put names of candidates in urn and draw out one name to be approved (by the emperor) o Supervision Chinese have over the Dalai Lama and the tutor, the Pancha Lama Revolution of 1911 – Wuhan was a hot-bed of revolutionaries; Sun Yat-sen, chief, went to Denver and England to raise funds o Known as the father of the country; when he gets back to China, changes have taken place: each of the provinces of China declared independence from Beijing, Tibet (1913) declared itself a separate entity, old Qing govt has collapsed (no emperor) Simla Convention – envoys from China and Great Britain got together and wanted to know if there was an understanding that Tibet would be under the suzerainty of China o Suzerainty is a claim that one country has power over the govt of another 13 th Dalai Lama – replaced by ambans; 14 th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso chosen (Tibetan) o Chinese were experiencing problems in their own country b/c of the fact that the Japanese were in the area o 1940, the Dalai Lama was enthroned o Chinese will face civil war o Sun Yat-Sen died 1925, but 1923 addressed the KMT-CCP alliance, the Guomindang/Nationalist party, Chinese communists trying to make headway into country; gave a speech to the Tibetans – says when you look at China, you have to look at 5 different peoples (Han (mainland), Man (Manchu), Mung (Mongolian), Tsang (Tibetan), Hui (Muslim)) all combined create one nation-state By 1931, the communists are talking about the fact that minorities in China can separate themselves from China Sun Yat-Sen eventually succeeded by Chiang Kai-shek, in 1949, China declared People’s Republic of China in Tiananmen Sq o 1950, the PRC (under Mao Zedong) decided to send the military to occupy Tibet 9 years later, the Dalai Lama fled from Tibet to India; appeals were made to the UN, but didn’t go anywere 1960s – the Cultural Revolution; status of religion in China was eclipsed o End of Cultural Revolution 1976, rise of Deng Xiao-ping => major change takes place; 1982 – document 19 issued by the PRC which changed the status of religion – pass constitution to accept 5 religions in China (Daoism, Buddhism, Xtny (Protestantism), Muslims, Catholicism) Deng Xiao-ping made it clear that as long as those who are in China will work toward the creation of a socialist state, these religions are not a matter of the government o Meant for that for Tibet, they could now have some measure of religious tolerance –
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIST 120 taught by Professor Witek during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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Buddhism in China - BUDDHISM IN CHINA The Qing dynasty was...

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