hist120-01_buddhismjapan - BUDDHISM IN JAPAN 2 schools only...

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BUDDHISM IN JAPAN 2 schools only found in Japan – Jodo shinshu (True Pure Land) and Nichiren Buddhism o Others from China Japan until 5C AD had no writing system o Not really until the 5C that several Koreans who were working in the imperial court would begin to teach the prince and others how to write Chinese characters o Japanese dependence on Chinese characters and writing systems No written history until 712 AD (by Japanese) o What has been recorded in Chinese history has been extracted from dynastic histories that tell us about Japan o 2 different Japanese written histories – dates are in conflict Native religion of the Japanese – Shinto (the way of the gods) Had an imperial system – Japan always believed that the earth and the heavens were a given; no asking about a creator, but ask of the creator of the Japanese islands o From mythology, 1 human emperor – Jimmu Tenno (Tenno – emperor) 660 BC o 1 continuous line of emperors in Japan – not dynasty (no change) Can’t pinpoint a capital until 710 AD o Japanese historians will say wherever the emperor resided, that’s where the capital was o Paekche, Silla, Koguryo in Korea are allying for power Paekche is a ally of Japan, and wants to take over the other two cities; they come to Japan and ask for forces in exchange for Buddhism Paekche came with a statue of Buddha and ½ Buddhist monks who were experts in Chinese writing, and would be able to explain in Chinese/Korean to develop a whole vocabulary in Japanese Soga clan which is more or less attached to the court, Nakatomi and Minonobe clans were very much attached to the imperial court o The Nakatomi are the people who are the ritualists – take care of Shinto rituals of emperor o Minonobe are not only the warriors, but also the ones who make arms, shields, bowls, spears – defenders of the emperor o Soga clan over time begins to see that perhaps we can at least begin to understand some of these Buddhist concepts o But plague hits and spreads Prince Shotoku – 604 AD, issued a 17 Article Constitution – maxims for right living o Harmony is to be valued and avoidance of wanton opposition is to be honored o All of us are influenced by partisanship and there are few of us that are intelligent o When those above around harmonious and those below are friendly, and there is concord in discussion of business, right views spontaneously are accepted
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIST 120 taught by Professor Witek during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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hist120-01_buddhismjapan - BUDDHISM IN JAPAN 2 schools only...

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