hist120-01_buddseasia - BUDDHISM IN SE ASIA SOME NAMES AND...

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BUDDHISM IN SE ASIA: SOME NAMES AND TERMS Buddhism @ the death of Buddha was concerned w/social/pol dimension of the human race Buddha did have a sense of a community based around the sangha o Renunciation of private/personal property and wealth of any kind o Depend on common wealth of community, public resources of the society Lives a life of community, stresses community o Located near the town o Sangha depends on people for sustenance – begging bowl o People who live in a sangha/monastery Bhiku – a Buddhist monk Bhikunni – a Buddhist nun/sister Opposite of sannyasin Monks own no property – no property rights (surrendered) During meditation – calms his mind from bombardment of senses, detaching himself o Consciousness of one idea – will eventually experience unbounded space o Man’s nature is morally good, but is perfectible When the Buddha had 60 followers, decided it was a community o During monsoons – rain retreats Could be considered a political unit o Buddha did not accept anything like an autocratic/monarchial ruler o Tribes formed themselves into a set of republics Tribal leaders would be looked upon as rulers/princes/kings o Like a democratic group in which if there were dissenters, they could break off o Not born into Buddhism (like a caste in Hindu) o Sangha was a prototype of social/political organization in the future Triad o Sangha is in the minds of the Buddhists, the visible embodiment of the wisdom; related to the king as a continuation of the one b/w the Buddha and the kings o King derives authority from the people o People consider sangha as the prototype of what is to come o Wherever the triad is, a Buddhist civ is Farther India Hinduism/Buddhism tried to move into these areas o Merchants/sailors who were involved in farther India concept As merchants b/c more prominent in markets, some ideas of Hinduism spread How can you spread Hinduism w/caste system? o Would have to modify caste system to adapt in the foreign area o B/c essentially an aristocratic religion – not meant for the masses of people What about mixed marriages? o Not certain if they were permitted Indochina – Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam Indonesia [Island of Bali] – Success of Hinduism Buddhism did have an effect – democratic sangha India did not look at itself as a mother country – not colonialism, not a military conquest These countries did not politically depend on India Are advisors to the independent kingdoms
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Indianized Hindu kingdoms – sets a scene in an area where Buddhism cannot easily penetrate Funan – S Vietnam and the Meli Peninsula (1C AD) Probably founded by an Indian brahman B/c a locus of power in SE Asia until Champa overthrew it Collapse 7C Champa – Cambodia and S Thailand Take over Funan 4C AD CEYLON – [Sri Lanka] Devanam-piya Tissa – king of Ceylon (306-266 BC) King Ashoka (273-237 BC) – from the Mauryan dy originally founded by Chandragupta
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hist120-01_buddseasia - BUDDHISM IN SE ASIA SOME NAMES AND...

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