hist120-01_class101508

hist120-01_class101508 - CLASS NOTES Buddha 560-480 BC...

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CLASS NOTES: 10/15/08 Buddha 560-480 BC Buddhism started in India; eventually, Buddhism in India disappears (by 17C AD) o India => Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Thailand (Siam – name changes 1930s), Burma, Tibet, China, Japan (go back to China and try to create own type of Buddhism – 538 AD), Korea Westerners and impact of West o Time of Socrates (369-299 BC), Plato (427-347 BC), Aristotle (384- 322 BC) – early Greek philosophers o Hebrew prophets – Isaiah (742-687 BC), Jeremiah o Persia – Zoroaster (early 6C BC) o China – Confucius (551-479 BC), Mencius (372-289 BC) o Jainism – Mahavira (599-527 BC) o Western philosophical trends – Thomas Aquinas, Enlightenment, Renaissance, Marx Political/Social background of India at the time of Buddha Hindu considered Buddhism as a rebellion against orthodoxy o Looking primarily at Bengal o Rebellion occurred in NE India Reasons for unease: o Arrival of Aryan and Brahmanic influences (NW => NE) o Some still worshiping local gods (not necessarily accepting of
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hist120-01_class101508 - CLASS NOTES Buddha 560-480 BC...

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