hist120-01_modernhinduism

hist120-01_modernhinduism - MODERN HINDUISM SOME TERMS...

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MODERN HINDUISM: SOME TERMS CLASS NOTES - CHRONOLOGY Earliest knowledge of India – invasion of Alexander the Great (Macedon) circa 300 BC Mongol empire around 1200s; but never could control India (if coming from NE, topography interferes – Himalayan mountains/river systems) o Commercial ties (spices) motivation for control Muslim/Arabic civilization present around this time o 977-1947: speculated Muslim period in India Fierce warriors (present day Turkistan) came to India to spread faith – looked upon as savages Imposed tax on non-believers – Jizya ; resented by Hindus 1526 – Beginning of Mughal Empire o Akbar – interested in various kinds of religious thoughts; invited people to talk to him about Christianity; when he died, no continuity of interest => divided India (fragmented) Kistna River: S (Hinduism prevailed), N (some states Muslim; some in name only) The colonial period o 1498-1962 – Portuguese colony Prince Henry the Navigator – came to India 1498 1511 – control of Malacca Had Goa, but not total control of India Consisted of fortresses along coast to monitor commerce o 1603-1947 – English colony English East India Company Sense of nation-state – thinkers and incidents o 1664-1858 – French colony o Brought India to W - Muslim traders, women bargained (SE Asia) Was there an Indian state? – mostly no (geographically yes, political unity no) o Hinduism will play a role in not just religion, but politics Decline of Mughal/Mogol Empire (1526-17611858) and British control of Bengal (1757) Start of change Abu Taleb Khan (1752-1806?) visits England and Europe (1799-1803) Muslim thinker; Persian/Turkish descent; curious about other lands Spent some time with governors of Bengal o Jealousy – cut off his pension o Decides to work for the British (already helped them put down rebellion) o Moves to Calcutta; learned English o Meets Scotsman, brings him to England 1799: presented to King/Queen (meets London aristocracy) and is called the “Persian Prince” o Unheard of to leave homeland to visit W Writes about travels – lack of energy and indolent dispositions of own country, and erroneous customs existing in Muslim countries Defects of English 1) want of faith/religion and great inclination to philosophy (atheism), lower classes devoid of honesty, fear of punishment (obedience to law), rich suspicious of poor
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2) pride and insolence – puffed of great fortune, not apprehensive of any adversity and take no pains to advert it 3) passion for acquiring money and attachment to worldly affairs – have ideal of perfection 1899 – right before Industrial Rev Rammohan Roy (1772-1883) – “Father of Modern India” Hindu Brahman; came from well-educated family, understands Hinduism, Islam and Christianity; high official of E India Company o Wants to revive India; comes from Bengal o Set Bengali literature, modernizes (moves Hinduism towards monotheism)
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIST 120 taught by Professor Witek during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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hist120-01_modernhinduism - MODERN HINDUISM SOME TERMS...

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