hist120-01_vedicbrahmanicnotes

hist120-01_vedicbrahmanicnotes - VEDIC AND BRAHMANIC AGES...

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VEDIC AND BRAHMANIC AGES Indus Valley Civilization (2500-1500 BC) Present day Pakistan; size of TX Mohenjo Daro o 100 miles N of Karachi Harappa o 100 miles S of Islamabad (capital of Pakistan) Accomplishments/characteristics: 1. Wheel (dvpt of pottery/transportation wheel) 2. Buildings in cities made of brick (kilns) – some waterproof 3. Beads (sophisticated technology) => class/social divisions 4. Gold, silver, stone technology/crafts (found in ME, near Mesopotamia) => trade 5. Small seals (speculated as a language, perhaps images of deities/animals) 6. Streets, planned city 7. Sewage/drainage system => health, sanitization 8. Granaries => political/economic system/structure o No temples/places of worship => rulers not controlling w/right of divinity o No military Disappearance theories: 1. Invasion of Aryans 2. Natural disaster VEDIC AGE (1500-500 BC) Veda = “to know” Problems of chronology and of separating the Vedic and Brahmanic periods Background of the literature, mostly written centuries after oral tradition Vedic Literature First orally transmitted as folklore, then later written (no comment on Indus Valley Civ) Rig Veda – poems, hymns, verse form; sacrifice to gods, anthology of 10 books spanning many generations – probably written 800 BC Sama Veda – compilation of melodies used in rituals/sacrifices Yajur Veda – the actual knowledge of rituals (how)
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hist120-01_vedicbrahmanicnotes - VEDIC AND BRAHMANIC AGES...

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