Buddhism Review

Buddhism Review - BUDDHISM INTRODUCTION Siddhartha Gautama...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: BUDDHISM: INTRODUCTION Siddhartha Gautama – the Buddha (560-480 BC) • Shakyamuni – “of the Shakya tribe” • Born in Lumbini, Nepal • King Ashoka erected a stone pillar in his honor in 250 BC Jatakas – birth stories of the life of the Buddha • Gautama was a prince o Prediction that he would either be a great king or an ascetic monk o Gautama’s father did not want him to become a monk, so he protected him from knowing much of life Until one day, Gautama saw an old person, a sick person, a dead person and an ascetic Father tries to distract Gautama with dancing girls But Gautama decides to leave his wife and child to seek enlightenment • For 6 years, he experiments with different ways, including intellectualism and mysticism, but it does not help him attain enlightenment o Neither pleasures nor asceticism are fulfilling => the middle way o Sat under the Bo tree (tree of knowledge) in ponderance o Attained Nirvana Deer Park in Benares (currently Sarnath, India) • The 5 ascetics that saw Gautama in the weakened state came again to see him • Gautama’s first sermon o Four Noble Truths All life is suffering • Birth, aging, sickness, death • Moments of temporary joy Suffering originates in craving or desire • Illusion that there is a self o No soul / atman • Personality is composed of 5 skandhas/states of being that are constantly changing: o Matter/form o Senses o Perception o Psychic dispositions o Consciousness To stop the suffering, stop the craving • Stop craving through Eight-fold Noble Path o Right views o Right intentions o Right speech o Right conduct o Right livelihood o Right effort o Right mindfulness o Right concentraion • Eventually attains a following, most from the kshtriya caste => dvpt of the sangha (monastic community) o Sangha rules: Yellow robe Shaved head Daily meditation Begging bowl for food => reliance on others Subscription to the statehood: “I take refuge in the Buddha, the dharma and the sangha” Dharma – the Buddhist law Ten Precepts • First five – for all men and women o No killing o No stealing o No unchastity o No lying o No intoxicating liquor • Second five – for monks and nuns o Eat moderately, but never in the afternoon o No looking at dancing o No ointments/ornaments o No high/broad beds o No gold Death of the Buddha - Rajagriha (currently Kusinara, India) Six Buddhist Councils – tells us of the split b/w the Theravada and the Mahayana First (484 BC) – after the death of Buddha at Rajagriha • Since the Buddha did not leave any writings, there was a problem of how to determine the teachings of the Buddha • Divided the writings into the Tripitaka (Three Baskets) o Vinaya – conduct; rules of discipline of Buddhist order of monks/nuns o Sutta-pitaka – “basket of servant/discourses” 5 discourses attributed to the Buddha – long, medium, connected, progressive, minor o Abhidamma – “basket of scholasticism”...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/03/2010 for the course HIST 120 taught by Professor Witek during the Fall '08 term at Georgetown.

Page1 / 12

Buddhism Review - BUDDHISM INTRODUCTION Siddhartha Gautama...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online