HistAsianCult-review12-8

HistAsianCult-review12-8 - History of Asian Cultures Review...

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History of Asian Cultures Review Session 12/8/08 Structure of the Test: - ID’s on Buddhism alone Basic Questions that we should ask ourselves: - What do you see as the major differences between Hinduism and Theravada Buddhism? o Multiple deities in Hinduism vs. relying on oneself in Buddhism o Atman/Brahman o Hindu lifestyle vs. Theravada Buddhist lifestyle o Role of scriptures o No caste system in Theravada Buddhism o Equality in Theravada Buddhism vs. differing roles of men and women in Hinduism o One single founder in Buddhism vs. no one individual who shaped Hinduism o Moksha vs. nirvana - Who is the leader of Hinduism o The sanyasin o How does he live his life? Isolated - Who is the leader of Buddhism o The atha o How does he live his life? In the sangha Community-centric atmosphere - What is the role of the scriptures?
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o Hinduism: Vedas play a large role in the religion and shapes its development o Buddhism: Tripitakas - What are the differences between moksha and nirvana? o Attaining nirvana is the ultimate realization and shines clarity on life; no concern about self; freedom from pain and suffering; blowing out of a candle; what is the void? Is it absolute nothingness? Is it nirvana? o Moksha is the attainment of atman/Brahman, and the release from samsara and reincarnation; no longer striving to attain the atman/Brahman relationship because it has been attained giving the individual freedom -
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