Chapter-11-Stress_Health

Chapter-11-Stress_Health - Health Psychology Field of...

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10/4/10 Health Psychology Field of psychology concerned with how psychological and social variables affect health and illness Major goal: promote health and prevent illness
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10/4/10 Health Psychology Guided by a biopsychosocial model, which links physical health to state of mind and the world around you
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10/4/10 The Biopsychosocial Model Biological Factors Social Factors Psychological  Factors Wellness
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10/4/10 How is psychology related to physical illness? 1. Physical illness may be caused/ worsened by psychological problems (e.g. ulcers, hypertension, allergies) 2. Problems with no apparent organic basis (e.g. headaches, exhaustion) 3. Psychological factors may weakening or strengthening our resistance to disease (the immune system).
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10/4/10 STRESS!!!!
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10/4/10 Stress a general, imprecise term that can refer either to a stress response or to a stressor (stressful situation) physiological reaction caused by the perception of aversive or threatening situations State of tension, homeostatic imbalance that is aversive
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10/4/10 Stress stressors: stressful stimuli and situations stress response: individual’s reaction Negative emotional and physiological responses that occur as individuals try to adjust or deal with stressors that exceed their ability to cope
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10/4/10 Types of stress Acute stress: Arousal that has a clear onset and offset Chronic stress: Enduring arousal that continues over an extended period of time
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10/4/10 Reaction to stress fight-or-flight response: physiological reactions that prepare us for the efforts required by fighting or running away
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Chapter-11-Stress_Health - Health Psychology Field of...

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