Chapter-7-Cognition_Itelligence

Chapter-7-Cognition_Itelligence - I Q Scor e? mental...

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Unformatted text preview: I Q Scor e? mental testing in all its varieties Cognitive tests : measurement of various aspects of mental abilities Personality tests : measurement of the non-cognitive part of human personalities: interests, values, and personality traits Projective tests : assessment mental and emotional problems (e.g., Rorschach) tried to demonstrate the hereditary basis of intelligence conceptualized intelligence in terms of sensory ability modest correlation between sensory ability and school performance Recorded time required for brain to react to visual stimuli Ordered subjects from slowest (1) to fastest (5) Subjects with higher conduction speed also had higher scores on an intelligence test published first workbook of an intelligence test test designed to measure intellectual performance of school children test results expressed in terms of mental age (age at which children of average ability were able to perform various tasks in the test) developed Standford-Binet Intelligence Scale used an alternative to mental age : intelligence quotient (IQ) 5 th Edition (2003) tests five major factors: fluid reasoning, knowledge, quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial processing, and working memory IQ = mental age chronological age x 100 Original Formula: Mental Age X 100 Chronological Age Ten year old with mental age of 12=(12/10)*100= 20 Six year old with mental age of 3=(3/6)*100=50 Now calculated by deviation method Performance is compared to others of the same age. The Wechsler Scales separate verbal from performance assessment. Performance skills ability to assemble blocks in a manner similar to a jigsaw puzzle find pieces missing from picture arrange pictures in correct sequence provides a broader conceptualization of intelligence Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) (1)validity, (2) reliability, and (3) standardization...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2010 for the course PSY 006904 taught by Professor Troisi during the Fall '09 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Chapter-7-Cognition_Itelligence - I Q Scor e? mental...

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