Chapter-6-Memory

Chapter-6-Memory - IntroductoryPsychology...

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Introductory Psychology
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Factors that Can Affect  Memory how much you concentrate on and  rehearse the information the context in which you learn something  and recall it motivation to remember or forget  psychological significant events physical state and biological conditions interference from other events and  experiences
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Information Processing Model of Memory memory:  the system that allows us to retain  information and bring it to mind three basic processes: encoding, storage,  and retrieval
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Information Processing Model of Memory Encoding:  we encode information in different  ways: acoustically  (coded by sound) visually  (coded by forming a mental picture) semantically  (coded by meaning) Storage:  not all memory becomes an  enduring or long-term memory Retrieval:  far from perfect. Depend on the  availability of  retrieval cues
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Information Processing Model of Memory Encoding specificity  principle : retrieval is more  successful, if the cues  available during recall are  similar to those present at  encoding. Context-dependent memory  effect : information is better  recalled in the same context it  was originally                                        learned.
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Information Processing Model of Memory State-dependent memory effect : information  is better recalled when the person’s  psychological or physiological states are the  same as when information was first learned.
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2010 for the course PSY 006904 taught by Professor Troisi during the Fall '09 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Chapter-6-Memory - IntroductoryPsychology...

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