Chapter-5-Learning

Chapter-5-Learning - Reflex a simple and automatic response...

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Unformatted text preview: Reflex a simple and automatic response to a single stimulus Fixed action patterns an inherited set of actions in response to a particular stimulus. Learning a change in behavior, or the potential of change in future behavior, as a result of experience Non-associative Learning Change in arousal level Habituation Sensitization Associative Learning Stimulus- Response learning Classical conditioning Operant conditioning An animal learns about the properties of a novel stimulus that is harmless. If the stimulus is neither beneficial nor harmful, the animal learns, after repeated exposure, to ignore it. E.g. orienting response In response to a harmful stimulus the animal typically learns to respond more vigorously not only to that stimulus but also to other stimuli, even harmless ones. Ivan Pavlov unconditioned reflexes : automatic connections between a stimulus (food) and a response (secreting digestive juices) classical conditioning : the process by which an organism learns a new association between two paired stimuli - a neutral stimulus and one that already evokes a reflexive response unconditioned stimulus (UCS): an event that consistently, automatically elicits an unconditioned response unconditioned response (UCR): action automatically elicited by the unconditioned stimulus conditioned stimulus (CS): an original irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response...
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2010 for the course PSY 006904 taught by Professor Troisi during the Fall '09 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Chapter-5-Learning - Reflex a simple and automatic response...

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