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Chapter-5-Learning - singlestimulus ,orthepotential...

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Reflex – a simple and automatic response to a  single stimulus
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Fixed action patterns— an inherited set of  actions in response to a particular stimulus.
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Learning— a change in behavior, or the potential  of change in future behavior, as a result of  experience
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Non-associative Learning – Change in arousal  level Habituation Sensitization Associative Learning – Stimulus- Response  learning Classical conditioning Operant conditioning
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An animal learns about the properties of a novel  stimulus that is harmless. If the stimulus is neither beneficial nor harmful, the  animal learns, after repeated exposure, to ignore  it. E.g. orienting response
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In response to a harmful stimulus the animal  typically learns to respond more vigorously not  only to that stimulus but also to other stimuli, even  harmless ones.
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Ivan Pavlov unconditioned reflexes : automatic connections  between a stimulus (food) and a response  (secreting digestive juices) classical conditioning : the process by which  an organism learns a new association between  two paired stimuli - a neutral stimulus and one  that already evokes a reflexive response
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unconditioned stimulus (UCS):  an event that  consistently, automatically elicits an unconditioned  response unconditioned response (UCR):  action automatically  elicited by the unconditioned stimulus
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conditioned stimulus (CS):  an original irrelevant  stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned  stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response conditioned response (CR):  the learned response to a  previously neutral conditioned stimulus
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?
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