Chapter-1.2-Inroduction_Research_Methods

Chapter-1.2-Inroduction_Research_Methods - PSY 101 R...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 10/4/10 PSY 101 R Introductory Psychology
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10/4/10 Research Methods Determinism: All events have meaningful causes Science is about theories a theory is a statement about the causal relation between two or more statements
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10/4/10 Research Methods Theory An organized set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or set of phenomena Hypothesis or Hypotheses A tentative and testable explanation(s) of the relationship between two (or more) events or variables
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10/4/10 Research Methods The Process of Research Formulating an idea Initial phase of research, in which observations, beliefs, information, and general knowledge lead to a new idea or a different way of thinking about some phenomenon
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10/4/10 Steps for Gathering and Evaluating Evidence scientific method : a general set of procedures for gathering and interpreting evidence in ways that limit sources of errors and yield dependable conclusions consists of 5 basic steps State the problem How does televised violence relates to aggressive behavior?
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10/4/10 Steps for Gathering and Evaluating Evidence Problem : How does televised violence relates to aggressive behavior? hypothesis : a tentative statement or idea expressing a relationship between events or variables that is to be evaluated in a research study State the problem Develop a hypothesis Children tend to imitate the behavior they see, so those who watch a great deal of violence on television will themselves become more violent
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10/4/10 Method to test the hypothesis Steps for Gathering and Evaluating Evidence Problem : How does televised violence relates to aggressive behavior? Hypothesis : Children tend to imitate the behavior they see, so those who watch a great deal of violence on television will themselves become more violent any hypothesis could be tested in many ways, and almost any method has its strengths and State the problem Develop a hypothesis
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10/4/10 Confidence in hypothesis diminished; hypothesis modified or discarded Results support hypothesis Method to test the hypothesis Steps for Gathering and Evaluating Evidence fundamental to any method is to measure the results
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Chapter-1.2-Inroduction_Research_Methods - PSY 101 R...

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