Chapter-14-Psychological_Disorders

Chapter-14-Psycholog - ClinicalPsychology AbnormalPsychology Pathologyofmind,moodandbehavior functioning AbnormalPsychology Maladaptiveness

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Clinical Psychology
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Abnormal Psychology Pathology of mind, mood and behavior Evaluation of the individual’s behavioral  functioning
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Abnormal Psychology Distress or disability Maladaptiveness Irrationality Unpredictability Unconventionality and statistical rarity Observer discomfort Violation of moral and ideal standards
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Mental Health Continuum None of these criteria is a  necessary  condition  shared by all cases of abnormality No single criterion is a  sufficient  condition The distinction between normal and abnormal is  relative, rather than absolute Mental disorder is best thought of as a  continuum that varies between mental health  and mental illness
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DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental  Disorders 5 axes Variability Description, not explanation
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Schizophrenia
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Schizophrenia Symptoms: deteriorating ability to function in daily life some combination of delusions, hallucinations,  thought disorder, movement disorder and  inappropriate emotional expression wide range of differences across patients, many  have nothing in common Symptoms can be classified as             positive  or  negative
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Symptoms Delusions: wrong beliefs that involve a  misinterpretation of perception or experiences  Hallucinations: any sensory modality (auditory,  visual, olfactory, gustatory, tactile)
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Schizophrenia Positive Symptoms expression of behavior that should be absent delusions or unfounded beliefs (aliens)  auditory hallucinations (hearing voices)  thought disorders (difficulty understanding and  using abstract concepts)
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Schizophrenia Negative Symptoms lack of behavior that should be present weak social interactions, emotional  expression, speech, and working memory
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Symptoms Disorganized speech  Disorganized behavior  Catatonic behavior: marked decrease in reactivity  to environment 
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2010 for the course PSY 006904 taught by Professor Troisi during the Fall '09 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Chapter-14-Psycholog - ClinicalPsychology AbnormalPsychology Pathologyofmind,moodandbehavior functioning AbnormalPsychology Maladaptiveness

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