week 4 day 1_1

week 4 day 1_1 - Recap: Spanish colonization/expansion...

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Unformatted text preview: Recap: Spanish colonization/expansion Repartamiento was forced/draft labor. In Mexico/Chile it recruited Natives to work the mines or make goods for resale In Florida, it was primarily to build and uphold the infrastructure (houses, roads, ranches) 1672-1687, Timucua, Apalache, etc., built Fort San Marcos and other St. Augustine works Exploitative, compulsory, caused resentment There were restrictions, but on the frontier, Sabana system was agriculture/hierarchy Exploited pre-existing political structure Smaller tribes within Apalache chiefdom paid leaders in tribute. Spanish simply added a layer of tribute, skimmed some off the top Good for Apalache because it strengthened their positiongave Results Depopulation: Overworking + cyclical epidemics (1595, 1613-1617, 1650s. By 1657 only 2,000 of 200,000 remained) weaken populations Rebellion: Social pressure from friars As fewer people have to do more, they begin to rebel Guale: 1597, 1645, 1680s; Timucua and Apalache: 1565; Apalache: 1647; Apalachicola: 1675, 1681 Why would powerful Timucua/Apalache want to allow Spanish? Power relations/Protection?...
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week 4 day 1_1 - Recap: Spanish colonization/expansion...

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