week 5 day 3 - Gender Relations • Extremely separate •...

week 5 day 3
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Unformatted text preview: Gender Relations • Extremely separate • Women supposed to have been given first plants by their gods/mythical clans – As a result, they have power of life (plant life, and human life) • Men took part in diplomacy, ceremony, hard labor – Hunted, war, etc • Women did contain unwritten political power – Controlled clan vengeance, justice Clans • Mythological creatures – In colonial times: Bear, Eagle, Wolf, Tyger (panther) – Core of Creek society – “These houses stand in clusters of four, five, six, seven and eight together, irregularly distributed up and down the banks of rivers or small streams; each cluster of houses contains a clan, or family of relations, who eat and live in common” – Clans unite different towns in ways not even language could (clans cannot inner-marry) Matrilineal power • Matrilocal: after marriage, man moved in with woman, connected two towns and two clans • Kinship moved through mother – Child belonged to clan of mother, not father – Matrilineages lived together, tied into clans – Hunting expeditions: “man time” uncles played with children, not fathers Chiefly Power • Chief advised by head warriers (tustunnuggee thlucco) and “Beloved Men” • Mix of matrilineal and experience – On death of a micco, nephews would be tapped – “if one is not equal to his office, they elect another” Intermarriage • Perhaps most important linkage to outside world • Absolutely necessary to become close to a Creek community • Impact of British/Scottish traders – Mixed offspring (“half-breeds” or “mestizo”) build ties to communities Maroons/Spanish Sanctuary •...
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