Physical Properties of Gases Worksheet

Physical Properties of Gases Worksheet - 3DJHV 1DPH...

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Unformatted text preview: 3DJHV 1DPH Physical Properties of gases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Physical Properties of Gases Worksheet - 3DJHV 1DPH...

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