Phil Quiz 1 - one absolute and one relative. Hempel does...

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Rebecca Shindell September 2, 2010 Phil 011 Quiz 1 Hempel’s model of explanation tries to reconstruct scientific views into more of an explanation. Hempel makes an effort to describe factual reports on how scientific inquiries proceed. The model is an effort to distinguish what the outcome of a successful development of an explanation will look like. When one applies Hempel’s model, one does not need to endorse inferential conception. Instead, they would just restrict the model’s role as a tool to capture structure, logically. Philosophers of science had thought that the covering law model was fundamentally correct and because of this, Hempel’s model has been frequently criticized. This explanation only seems plausible as a model of explanation within normal science because it is an approach that combines two concepts of confirmation:
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Unformatted text preview: one absolute and one relative. Hempel does not challenge or attempt to test the assumptions of the theory. Hempel says that if a sentence that expresses a piece of evidence confirms or disconfirms an expressed hypothesis, it must be said to be confirming or disconfirming every equivalent formulation of the same hypothesis. Both Hempels deductive-nomological explanation and inductive-statistical explanation are covering law explanations. However, the characteristics are different. Hempels model of explanation does not contain at least one law of probabilistic statistical form, therefore, it cannot account for the way in which explanations change in the course of a scientific revolution....
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