Chapter 3 - 1. Historically, regulation of the environment...

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. 1 , Historically regulation of the environment fell under the jurisdiction of : Your Answer . the national government : Correct Answer . both A and B : Page reference 71 . 2 The political system of Britain and France can most accurately be described as : Your Answer . unitary . 3 " " The term laboratories of democracy refers to the : Your Answer . ability of state governments to find innovative solutions where the national government may fail . 4 , Prior to the ratification of the new Constitution in 1789 the relationship between the national and state governments could best be characterized as : Your Answer . confederation . 5 The framers of the Constitution relied heavily on the writings of : Your Answer , , , . Locke Hobbes Smith and Montesquieu . 6 - , The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 1835 and who was responsible for , writing the majority opinion in many important cases including . McCulloch v Maryland , was : Your Answer
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. John Marshall . 7 The effect of the Supreme Court's decision in . Marbury v Madison was to : Your Answer validate the Supreme Court's authority to examine and declare unconstitutional actions by other . branches of the national government . 8 . . The decision of the U S Supreme Court in the Cohens v Virginia case established the principle that the : Your Answer . decisions of state courts could be overruled by federal courts . 9 - , In the early nineteenth century the system of dual federalism practiced in the United States was criticized for : Your Answer . both A and B . 10 , In the late 19th century the national government gradually began to expand its authority because it was : Your Answer . less likely to fall under the influence of local corporate interests . 11 President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs are most closely associated with _____ . federalism : Your Answer cooperative . 12 , - - In 2006 it is estimated that the federal government spent _____ in grants in aid to state . and local governments : Your Answer
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$434 billion : Correct Answers $354 million : Page reference 88 . 13 Funds given from one governmental unit to another governmental unit for specific purposes are usually referred to as : Your Answer - - . grants in aid . 14 . _____ are awarded on the basis of competitive applications rather than a specific formula : Your Answer Project grants . 15 A grant which provided funding for schools to improve educational programs but which afforded the schools considerable autonomy in deciding how to reach that goal would best be described as a : Your Answer . block grants . 16 The idea that city government can do anything not specifically prohibited by state law in order to serve the needs of their residents is known as : Your Answer . home rule . 17 , After the 1994 election Congressional Republicans announced an agenda it called the , . _____ which called for reducing the size of the federal government and returning power to the states : Your Answer Contract With America
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. 18 In . Hammer v Dagehart
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Chapter 3 - 1. Historically, regulation of the environment...

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