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CAS 354 Assignment4 - Sandra Uriarte CAS 354 Assignment 4...

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Sandra Uriarte September 18, 2010 CAS 354 Assignment 4 The Moral model is based on beliefs or judgments of what is right or wrong, acceptable or unacceptable. This model views substance abuse as a personal choice. A person drinks because they choose to drink; no other factors affect their decision. “Those individuals who cannot hold their liquor are considered to have a lack of willpower and, in many cases, to be morally corrupt.” Those who believe in this model do not accept that there is any biological basis for addiction, there is no need to examine family history or other possible effects. There is simply, something morally wrong with people who use drugs heavily. This model holds personal responsibility as the only factor as to why people abuse substances. In regards to Joe’s case the moral model can explain his behavior in that everything Joe has chosen to do was done by personal choice and a result of personal weakness, a defect in his character. There are no biological or genetic components to his addiction. Joe’s parents did not drink and from his personal history no other family members did either. Joe’s behavior is all results of poor choices, which he made because of a lack of willpower and moral strength. With this model Joe will need to accept responsibility for his drinking. Interventions based on this model of abuse consist of providing spiritual direction, moral persuasion, and social sanctions that will focus on Joe’s personal choices, values and motivation. The Disease model shifts responsibility from the abuser “being morally deficient to one who has an illness. This model views substance abuse as a unique and progressive health condition or disease.
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