unemployable males, formerly living in the streets or in shelters. The gender
ratio is 70/30 male to female, which is typical of the overall ratio of single
men and women without dependants experiencing homelessness.
Hope VI 
The Hope VI program provides grants to public housing agencies (PHAs) to destroy
severely distressed public housing units and replace them with new units or to
dramatically rehabilitate existing units. The transformation process includes
physical upgrades, managerial improvements, and implementations of social and
community services to address the needs of residents. Hope VI relocates residents
of public housing projects in order to replace dilapidated housing with
apartments and townhouses, meant to “blend” into the community and to integrate
middle income residents into it.
The program provides support services to help residents get and maintain jobs.
Often, families have to agree to counseling and employment services to qualify
for residency within one of these projects and all individuals go through an
intensive screening process. The main problem concerning Hope VI is its lack of
one-for-one replacement of demolished housing. A large proportion of former
residents loose their homes due to Hope VI, and, typically, these residents are
of a lower income than those who remain. Most displaced residents are given
Section 8 vouchers; however, Section 8 housing is scarce and waiting lists are
long, often meaning that these vouchers are useless.
As a result, displaced families generally move into communities with already high
concentrations of poverty and make them even higher. Ultimately, the Hope VI
attempt at income-based class integration tends to lead to more economic
stratification in areas outside the project. Every year the Administration
requests no funding for Hope VI, and every year Congress restores funding and
reauthorizes the program.
Public Housing 
The goal of this program is to provide rental housing for low-income families and
for elderly and/or disabled individuals. HUD administers federal aid, in the form
of annual grants, to local public housing agencies (PHAs), which in turn manage
housing for lower income residents at rents they can afford, as well as providing
them with technical and professional assistance. Rent, or Total Tenant Payment
(TTP), is based on the renter’s ability to pay based on the highest figure from
among: 1) 30% of a resident’s monthly adjusted income, 2) 10% of their monthly
gross income, 3) their welfare shelter allowance, 4) a PHA-established minimum
rent of up to $50. Eligibility for public housing is also based on a given
individual or family's status as being either a family or as a disabled or
elderly individual, and qualification as a U.S. citizen or eligible immigrant.
HUD allows PHAs to exclude from annual income certain allowances for dependents