Cm105Chapter2 - 4369_03_ch2_p012-017 3/1/04 5:10 AM Page 12...

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12 CHAPTER 2 Embracing the Style of Academic Writing In addition to considering purpose, audience, “preferred terms,” and appropriate evidence, academic writing has a style that clearly distin- guishes it from other casual forms of writing. There are clear mark- ers of an effective academic paper that include using Standard Amer- ican English, assuming a more formal tone, and avoiding passive voice. It is critical to note that other forms of writing like personal letters or a note to a loved one are not inferior in any way; they sim- ply adhere to the expectations of the person for whom they are writ- ten. A personal letter to your mother would sound cold if you were to write it in the same way as a research paper. Conversely, the con- versational tone of that letter should be avoided when composing a research paper. This chapter will help you become familiar with the stylistic expectations of academia, and it will show you how to fash- ion your work in a way that is appealing to your intended readers. Standard American English and Writing Grammar. Spelling. The very mention of these words may fill you with dread and memories of teachers telling you not to split infini- tives or dangle your participles. The first question to ask is this: Why is the study of grammar and spelling important? Consider an em- ployer reviewing letters of application as he tries to fill an opening in his company. He opens a letter from one applicant, and it says: I am the “experienced instructional designer” yoo seek inn yer advertise- ment in todays Herald Sun. Im versatile, have developed training pro- gram’s, and the creation of teams two guide training decisions. I am ready too start; if necessary, as early as next week. I, has the solid Training Ex- perience you specified. As well as the strong Computer Skills you Desire. Will this letter go in the “must” or “must not” interview pile? You may have noticed several punctuation, subject-verb, and spelling errors. What does this letter make you think about this candidate’s intelligence? The candidate might be very bright and may even be the best person for the job, but an employer is unlikely to grant this person an interview based on the contents of the letter. There are many reasons to study grammar and spelling, but our purpose in this section is to help you make your best impression whether at work, in school, or in any other professional setting. 2a 4369_03_ch2_p012-017 3/1/04 5:10 AM Page 12
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Standard American English and Writing 13 2a This handbook will help you improve your ability in written Stan- dard American English. We will focus on written language, because we each speak a dialect of English. None of us speaks “the standard.” Part of what makes us ourselves is our unique way of speaking. In formal communication, however, it is helpful to adopt a written standard, because it allows us to get our point across to everyone re- gardless of our native dialects. (1) Accents and Dialects
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2010 for the course ACCOUNTING n/a taught by Professor N/a during the Summer '09 term at Kaplan University.

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Cm105Chapter2 - 4369_03_ch2_p012-017 3/1/04 5:10 AM Page 12...

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