History of Art 240 Lecture 14 August 11, 2010
THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY
Industry of manuscript begins around the 13
Moralized bible, idea of God as
God is this over arching.
Everything gets more beautiful, idealized and stylized.
Villard de Honnecourt, sketchbook
Biggest, most elaborate of sketches of drawings.
Architecture, something that becomes.
that would have been kept in a workshop with stop pattern of images that illuminators would
copy into a book that they were working on.
Was from Hickardy (?).
What he did was that he
went to travel around, drawing pieces of architecture, big thing because all these architecture is
buried, and respected enough of a culture.
He adjust his book for use for other people.
commentary for the reader.
He is interested in geometry and bringing back geometry.
idealizing in his drawings, the idealizing sort of coming from a drawing technique in a way of
measuring or conceiving something, but also a way of idealizing something.
Aerodition and legend of drawing from life.
Who was Villard and what was the book
San Louis, Louis the IX, he goes on a crusade on 1229 (?)
The old center of palace and of France palace. on the isle de san ….?
Where He builds the
Louis has family member of Royalty of Byzantium (Baldwin?).
He buys a relic of
the passion of Christ from cousin, king of Byzantium.
The basis of building the church of.
a piece of the spear, vinegar sponge (shroud of touran), thorne crown, (and something else).
Lower church, for the people of the royal house hold.
Extensive program of the stain glass.
More and more glass and less and less wall.
It becomes a reliquary itself, because the building
was built for the relics itself. Building is basically just buttresses, and the rest is just glass
***(Late gothic, Rayonnant or court style)***.
Rayonnant style, expansive, detailed
Straight up and down buttresses no horizontal linning.
Relics would have been housed in
a large Cyborium (?).
Sainte-Chappelle is basically like a reliquary.
The stained windows is a lot like the stories of royalty and aristocracy, Judith, the book of kings,