History of Art 240 Lecture 7 July 28, 2010
Ars Sacra: (latin) for sacred art.
Art that has sacred function.
ROMANESQUE, MONASTICISM, AND ARS SACRA
Romanesque describes a particular style of art.
After 1050, the Ottonian empire splinters a little.
After Henry the Second, the ottoman empire
kind of disintegrates.
Regions where they are independently run (wealthy), and have more power.
ALL MADE OF VEVALD(???) three objects below
: tryptch because it has three pieces, by estavalo.
Region where Luxemburg, Netherlands, etc. are at (space between germany and france):
Wealthy bishops and abbies who have more power than the emperor or pope, no centralized or
strength in over arching government, we find that affect even today, where all the wars focus on
because it is split between Germany and France.
Royal abbey of Stavelo.
Stavelo basically is
the diplomat for the emperor because he has so much influence in this region.
Verticle lettering usually byzantine style.
The triptych is made by Stavelo,
Abbeys have money because they own mines.
Have access to metals and gold.
Medallions: tell story of the finding of the true cross.
On left Constantine finding Christianity.
On left, Helena (Mother of Constantine) goes to holy land, find local jews in the know, and have
them point to where true cross is.
Style of enamel which region is known, which takes byzantine
Gold background, but has a narrative to it.
Variation of the color (a lot of blue).
river and the Rhein river, they form this valley which frames this region in europe.
described above. (in the region between two rivers (?))
This play between the show of wealth and in the hiding of wealth, gems ingrained, but not
Have the saints in the center in cameo.
Pope Alexander Reliquary
rectangular box bottom, portable alter, with reliquary stuck on top.
The relic is in the shape of
what is in the box.
In this case a skull.
Distinctive of mosan style: same gem style, picture of a
pope but styled as a monk, has a tonture haircut (kind of roman) like a monk haircut.
pictures on the side depicts the virtues.
His Saintity is based upon his virtues.
Kind of physical
embodiment of an idea as well.
Stavelot portable Altar.