History of Art 240 Lecture 7 July 16, 2010
Two different inscription of languages.
Possible object where mix of Islamic and
European world mixed.
Beginning he starts in Mecca.
Year 622, Mohammad moves to medina, where he starts his
community of followers.
Dies at 632.
Within 100 years of Mohammad’s death, their land
stretched from Spain to the edges of India.
At his death there is a power backing.
influence of an empire.
THE PRE-ISLAMIC MIDDLE EAST
Treasury (Al-Khasnah) at Petra,
They still use Roman cultural architectural influence.
Sassanian empire on the north east and the Byzantine empire on the north west of Islam.
Umayyas arrives around the 630,
661 becomes the first kalif in power and starts the Umayya
dynasty, he sees themself as the decscendant/successor of Mohammad the prophet.
691 is the
building of the Dome of the Rock,
Dome of the Rock was retiled by the Ottomans, the blue style is typical Ottoman style.
(“Abd Al-“ means “son of” in Arabic).
He establishes Arabic as the official
language, establishes the administrative purposes in the empire.
THE UMAYYAD DYNASTY: 650-750
The Dome of the Rock
On a sacred hill, Hill has sacred meaning to Judaic religious history also but temple was
destroyed and Muslim dome created.
According to islam, Dome of the Rock is where Adam
was created, and also where the prophet ascended.
Dome is centrally planned, monumental site
to mark the sacred place, and a monument to the triumph of Islam, it is in that tradition of
centrally planed system.
It is built on a drum structure and a double shell, Octagonal building
which shrinks down to a circular structure, and then a drum.
Style, there is no figural
Only TWO images in the Koran, the Koran is not narrative, so you don’t have
that same kind of impetus like in Christianity to show the life of Christ.
One: “oh you who
believe…. Or crimes originating in Satan”.
Idea of pushing against tradition of idols.
“Abraham chide his father in the sake of Idols”, two images in Koran against Idols.
view is that God is the creator of everything, but the artist is in competition with that.
of images is up in the air, not settled, just like in Christianity text.
There is vagueness in a kind
of Koran verses, style of religious text we can see similar style to artistry.
Between arches are
representations of crowns, and also vegetative ornament that brings a paradecile quality.
representative of kings, princes, etc. that islam conquered,
Images are kind of trophies because
there are images representing places that they have conquered.
Some artistry becomes replaced.
Arabic writing, quotes of passages referring to Christianity and the triumph of islam, and also