History of Art Lecture 5 July 12, 2010
Abstract form having an image rather than something arbitrary, Shapiro was also a medieval art
Ravenna style, apse with two chapels on both of its sides.
Eastern literagy: more circular procession
Western literagy: more up and down procession
Rome, constantinople, Jerusalem, Antioch, and …
five patriarchs that existed at that time
“Kiss of Peace” between the patriarch and the emperor
Not really a clean octagon church because it has an apse
Apse: where the high alter is, where celebration of the mass would take place.
Mosaic in apse: “Christ in majesty” sitting in the dome of heaven.
Christ in a purple robe, gold
background, sitting on blue orb (orb of the world), bishop on the left, bishop ecclesieus guy who
built the church, holding a model of the chapel, handing over the church over to Christ.
vitals on the right, church is dedicated to.
Christ giving him a loral crown for his martyrdom, in
Christian sense, bestows him the kingdom of heaven.
Mosaic of Justinian,
Offering a plate of the Eucharist,
Mosaic of Justinian’s wife,
Nicely dressed, in purple, holding the goblet.
She has one object of the mass.
Both have objects
of the mass.
They can’t perform the mass, but they can offer these expensive objects of the
Both mosaics are in the inside of the mass.
One mosaic on one wall, and the other in the
Makes Justinian apart of the mass, as if offering the tool of the mass.
Space: picture plane, really flat, here they are flat, there is no depth, dealing
with Byzantine ambiguous space, in a linear pattern.
San Apollinare in Classe, Ravenna
Bastillica, long longitunal plan, two side isles, and a central isle a row of colums that divide the
two, with an apse and two chapels on both sides of it.
Takes biblical narrative and makes it
There is a story, narrative, but all which is purely symbolic.
Christ on the
medallion, four animals of the apocalypse around him on top, a jeweled Cross, Christ is
represented as a Cross, so the jeweled cross becomes a symbolic term for Christ.
On both sides
are moses and elisah, three apostles that he appears to (as sheep).
San Apollinare man around
sheep, the sheep is the symbol of the congregation.
San Apollinare is the shepard who tends to
flock his sheep.
He is the intercessor, local guy to get you to Christ.
Jeweled Cross=Triumph of