History of Art 240 Lecture 9 July 21, 2010
OTTONIAN ART: IMPERIAL PATRONAGE AND THE LUXURY ARTS
CAROLINGIAN ARS SACRA
Ivory with St. Gregory and Scribes
Behind missionary force in (England?).
He gets depicted around this period.
to his ear to write the script.
Typical Carolingian with leaf frame motif.
BOOKCOVER OF TUOTILO, ST. GALL, around 900
Famous artist toutilo.
Creation of the mythical and creation of the legendary.
It doesn’t matter if
it is really that kind of creation or not, but it is the fact that people believe in it and people treat it
as it is that, it is effective.
BOOKCOVER OF CODEX AUREUS, ABBEY OF ST. EMMERAM 870
Generally set out.
Cross design with Christ in the middle.
Image of Christ in majesty, mandorla
(the two circles that Christ is in), with book and sitting.
the four corners of the book cover has
representations of the authors of the four gospels.
Book covered in jewels, and in gold.
Christian literagy where there is a procession of the sacred book.
(NOTE: symbolism of Jerusalem is jewels, because it is the jewels of the city of heavenly
Jerusalem covered in jewels.
Christ in majesty (shows Christ in the end of time, and the
BEASTS that come to the end of time (beasts being the four gospels).
Christ with the Leper (Metal work): like embossing.
Three dimensional representation.
linear sketchy Reim style, similarity of manuscript painting and metal work.
(which means to push in French – pousse).
Bookcover: LINDAU GOSPELS
Image of the cross, similar to the image in the Lindisfarne Gospel (carpet page).
Second cover, Cross of Christ, Christ in triumph, with the Sun and the Moon on the top of the
cross, to show that Christ is the universe.
All Fillibrae and gold.
Repousse style in metal
working of the cover.
The image of the crucifix in triumph, Jewels
plastured on the bucket.
Whole bucket is all
made of ivory, one huge bone.
OTTONIAN ART: THE NEW EMPIRE
Charlemagne’s kingdom gets split into three.
German realm then becomes separate, what
happens in German is broken up into a series of Dukes.
In some ways, the provences are very
different, goes back to this old tradition, where Dukes have one claim over their own plot of
Everything in France is centralized around Paris, but Germany is not like that because
it wasn’t like that historically, not everything goes through Berlin.
History is much more divided