History of Art 240 Lecture 9 July 21 (2)

History of Art 240 Lecture 9 July 21 (2) - History of Art...

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History of Art 240 Lecture 9 July 21, 2010 OTTONIAN ART: IMPERIAL PATRONAGE AND THE LUXURY ARTS CAROLINGIAN ARS SACRA Ivory with St. Gregory and Scribes Behind missionary force in (England?). He gets depicted around this period. Dove whispering to his ear to write the script. Typical Carolingian with leaf frame motif. BOOKCOVER OF TUOTILO, ST. GALL, around 900 Famous artist toutilo. Creation of the mythical and creation of the legendary. It doesn’t matter if it is really that kind of creation or not, but it is the fact that people believe in it and people treat it as it is that, it is effective. BOOKCOVER OF CODEX AUREUS, ABBEY OF ST. EMMERAM 870 Generally set out. Cross design with Christ in the middle. Image of Christ in majesty, mandorla (the two circles that Christ is in), with book and sitting. the four corners of the book cover has representations of the authors of the four gospels. Book covered in jewels, and in gold. Christian literagy where there is a procession of the sacred book. (NOTE: symbolism of Jerusalem is jewels, because it is the jewels of the city of heavenly Jerusalem covered in jewels. Christ in majesty (shows Christ in the end of time, and the BEASTS that come to the end of time (beasts being the four gospels). Christ with the Leper (Metal work): like embossing. Three dimensional representation. Very linear sketchy Reim style, similarity of manuscript painting and metal work. Repousse style (which means to push in French – pousse). Bookcover: LINDAU GOSPELS Image of the cross, similar to the image in the Lindisfarne Gospel (carpet page). Classical Carolingian style. Second cover, Cross of Christ, Christ in triumph, with the Sun and the Moon on the top of the cross, to show that Christ is the universe. All Fillibrae and gold. Repousse style in metal working of the cover. SITULA (Ivory) The image of the crucifix in triumph, Jewels was plastured on the bucket. Whole bucket is all made of ivory, one huge bone. OTTONIAN ART: THE NEW EMPIRE Charlemagne’s kingdom gets split into three. German realm then becomes separate, what happens in German is broken up into a series of Dukes. In some ways, the provences are very different, goes back to this old tradition, where Dukes have one claim over their own plot of territory. Everything in France is centralized around Paris, but Germany is not like that because it wasn’t like that historically, not everything goes through Berlin. History is much more divided
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up. Point: end of Charlemagne, this area of Germany gets split up, then all these regions vye for power and they are very individualistic. 919, Dukes get together and elect the head. Elect Duke of Saxony. Certain area of germany gets slightly more unified. Son of Henry the fowler, is Otto the I then is called Otto the great. Germany gets unified by Otto, but through the agreement of
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2010 for the course HIST 2410 taught by Professor Greene, s during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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History of Art 240 Lecture 9 July 21 (2) - History of Art...

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