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History of Art 240 Lecture 8 July 19 (2)

History of Art 240 Lecture 8 July 19 (2) - History of Art...

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History of Art 240 Lecture 8 July 19, 2010 Our progression of History currently: Byzantine Early Christian: 333AD (old St. Peters consecrated). 532 Nika rebellion, San Vitale (547) 532-537 Hagia Sophia Death of Mohammad 632 (start of Islamic conquest) Dome of the Rock: 691 Northern Manuscripts: around 7 th and 8 th century. Charlemagne: 800 (fatamid style, active, curvy styled) SPAIN AND NORMAN SICILY Map Europe and the Mediterranean, 771, 998, 1071 771: Sicily under byzantine empire. 998 Sicily under Fatimid control (Third Islamic dynasty based in Egypt). 1071 Norman invasion of Sicily. Within 300 years sicily taken over three types of people. Palermo capital. PALACE CHAPEL OF ROGER II Roger I takes over Palermo, makes capitol. Roger II created the palace chapel in Palermo, consecrated at 1140. Classical basilica, with domed area, an apse and two side areas, based on Byzantine central plan, walls covered with mosaics. Byzantine style of mosaics. Flat style, lack of depth. Always have centered dome. Christ Pantokrator (pantokrator means the ruler of heaven, universe) in Daphni. A byzantine tradition, the pantokrator is on the dome and his face looks scary and angered. In the palace, the Christ Pantokrator is placed in the apse (rather than in the dome) visually the center becomes in the apse and not in the dome, Roger playing with these old traditions. Christ expression is different than the one in Daphni.
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