History of Art 240 Lecture 2 July 2
Arch of Titus, Rome
Arch built by Emperor Titus, was created as a triumph, he celebrates the sacking of Jerusalem.
Images that comes from the roman empire that starts to create a Christian (e-graphy?)
Image portraying movement.
Is there space above their head, is it naturalistic, abstract? Drapery
Detailed chisled hair. Naturalistic detail.
Roman art coming
from Greek art.
Roman art “highest of the high” because most Naturalistic.
Statue of Augustus in marble.
Statue of Augustus position: contra-postal. Half the body is bearing weight, half the body is not.
Marble statue needs support so it will come with a little puti or a bush, etc. because of the
support of the weight.
Pose, s-curve, what is statue doing, what is their posture and why?
Roman emperor with roman haircut made into “greek” stylistic art.
Leaves over head more intellectual than military.
Constantine, colossal statue
Emperor takes on divine persona because of the following of the people.
the height of emperor “cult”, first emperor to convert and legalize Christianity.
Isn’t much realistic, must more exaggerated, more stiff, sitting, very important, eyes are
Establishes him as a divine authority rather than just a regular man.
in pose, abstract eyes.
Effect, makes him seem less of human.
Arch of Constantine,
Battle of the Melvian(?) bridge.
Constantine sees cross in the sky, then wins battle, after battle
he builds arch.
A hunt scene chasing boar, an action scene; offering of things.
images “medallions” then we have a rectangle at bottom.
Medallions of a prior emperor
Constantine is the “rectangle”.
Taking images of his ancestor and putting together of
previous emperor Hadrian, to show that he is Constantine.
What is different from Constantine’s?
Medallion image is a early roman art.