FL_10-9 - Changing landscapes in the New World

FL_10-9 - Changing landscapes in the New World - Thomas...

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English settlers Nature : Indian landscape with few Indians Society: market / subsistence agriculture mop Surplus production for markets Long-term grain monocultures (energy transfer – fertilizer) New species: plants, animals and pathogens New technologies Division of labor Commodification Territorial expansion - scale Tenure system Fences: function / symbolism Culture: Protestantism Instrumental view of nature: separate & control Individualism and social contract Resource management: based on market logic and private property ideology
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Walls
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Indian Village
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Cambridge - 1635
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Plymouth fences
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Plymouth Plantation 1
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Colonial and early American ideas about nature Protestantism Competitive individualism Dualism:  wilderness and society   – Fear and domestication Romantic vision   The Agrarian myth
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Escape of Thomas & children
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Unformatted text preview: Thomas Cole. The Oxbow (1836) The agrarian myth Sweat mixed with soil provides the basis of American democracy. • Thomas Jefferson • Social contract • Smallholding (160 acres) • Yeoman farmer: labor and virtue • Stake in society: property rights / civic life • Policy: federal land disposal • Depravity of the city • Social charter / ideology Environmental change in New England • Species: plants / animals / pathogens • Land use • Forests • Fields Implications for Native Americans Demography Human geography Modes of production / resource use Trade and consumption Assimilation Cultural change / continuity Limited acculturation ∆ ecology-culture dynamics...
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