Chapter 11 Outline - Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails...

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Chapter 11 – The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic I. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers a. Federalists had heavy handicaps in fighting for their survival i. Alien and Sedition Acts = Federalist enemies Hamilton attacks Jefferson in private pamphlet that Jeffersonians publish ii. Adams refused Federalists to fight w/ France 1. War preparations swelled public debt, new taxes with stamp act 2. Federalist rumor that Jefferson robbed a widow and her children of a trust fund and fathered mulatto children with a slave women b. Jefferson support separation of church and state but believes in god i. Jefferson separate church and state in native Virginia orthodox clergy angered ii. New England preachers (stronghold of Federalism, Congregationism) accuse Jefferson of atheism II. Jeffersonian “Revolution of 1800” a. Jefferson won majority 73 to 65 electoral votes against John Adams i. Aaron Burr pulled in New York, the South and West (areas w/ universal white suffrage) to Jefferson ii. 3/5 clause help southern voters larger voice b. Jefferson and vice president running mate receive same # of electoral votes i. Decision to House of Representatives according to Constitution ii. Federalist House of Representatives prefer Burr but finally elected Jefferson b/c Jefferson = moderate c. Election of 1800 = “revolution” b/c power from Federalists Democratic – Republicans but not b/c of massive popular upheaval i. Jefferson’s mission restore republican experiment by checking growth of government power and decay of virtue under Federalist rule ii. John Adams = last Federalist president iii. Power transfer from Federalist Democratic – Republicans = peaceful III. Responsibility Breeds Moderation
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a. Jefferson inaugurated president on March 4, 1801 in Washington i. Jefferson’s inaugural address = statement of democratic principles 1. “The will of the majority is in all cases to prevail that will to be rightful must be reasonable; the minority possess their equal rights, which equal law must protect, and to violate would be oppression” 2. “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists” 3. Foreign affairs: “honest friendship w/ all nations, entangling alliances with none” ii. Washington D.C. = simplicity and frugality of Jeffersonian Republicans VS. Federalist Philadelphia 1. Setting w/o rank at official dinners 2. Jefferson receive callers in sloppy attire and sent messages to Congress to be read by clerk instead of personal appearances b/c personal appearance = too Federalist, monarchical b. Jefferson forced to reverse many political principles i. (1) scholarly private citizen ii. (2) harassed public official c. Triumph of Jefferson’s Democratic-Republicans over Federalists = first party overturn in American history i. Federalists feared Democratic-Republicans would grab all the spoil of office for themselves but Jefferson = moderate ii. Jefferson = able politician esp. in informal dinner parties 1. Jefferson wooed congressional representatives in dinner parties 2.
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