History Chaper 9 Outline

History Chaper 9 Outline - Chapter 9 The Confederation and...

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Chapter 9 – The Confederation and the Constitution I. The Pursuit of Equality a. “All men are created equal” and equality was the watchword everywhere i. Most states reduced property-holding requirements for voting and eradicated medieval inheritance laws like primogeniture ii. In 1784 New Yorkers released a shipload of freshly arrived indentured servants b/ c their status violated democratic ideals iii. Lordly pretensions of the Continental Army formed an exclusive hereditary order called the Society of the Cincinnati that was scoffed iv. Trade organizations for artisans and laborers stimulated social democracy b. The egalitarian sentiments unleashed by the war also challenged the institution of slavery i. Philadelphia Quakers in 1775 founded the world’s first antislavery society ii. The Continental Congress abolished the slave trade in 1774 and several northern states went further and either abolished slavery altogether or provided for the gradual emancipation of blacks iii. No states south of Pennsylvania abolished slavery and in both the North and South, the law discriminated harshly against freed blacks and slaves alike iv. The Founding Fathers did not abolish slavery altogether b/c doing so would fracture national unity c. The extension of equality to women was also incomplete i. Most women in the Revolutionary era were still doing traditional women’s work ii. Some women did serve (disguised as men) in the military, and New Jersey’s new constitution in 1776 even enabled women to vote iii. Abigail Adam teased her husband John Adams that “the Ladies” were determined “to foment a rebellion” if they were not given political rights iv. Women, however, were responsible for cultivating habits of virtuous citizenry in their husband, daughters, and sons, expanding the educational opportunities of women II. Constitution Making in the States a. In 1776, the Continental Congress called upon the colonies to draft new constitutions and therefore summon themselves into becoming new states
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i. According to republicanism, the sovereignty of these new states would rest on the authority of the people b. Massachusetts created a special convention to draft its constitution and then submit the final draft directly to the people for ratification in 1780 called the constitutional convention, which as used in the drafting and ratification of the federal Constitution c. State constitutions had many features in common that made the drafting of a federal Constitution an easier task i. American constitutions were contracts that defined the powers of government and drew their authority from the people while British constitutions were an accumulation of laws, customs, and precedents ii. Most of the constitutions contained bills of rights, created weak executive and judicial branches, but gave the democratic legislatures sweeping powers 1. The democratic character of new state legislatures were reflected by the presence of more members from the poorer western districts and successful
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History Chaper 9 Outline - Chapter 9 The Confederation and...

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