History Chapter 2 Outline

History Chapter 2 Outline - Chapter 2 – The Planting of...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2 – The Planting of English America I. England’s Imperial Stirrings a. England’s efforts of New World Colonization in the 1500s were feeble i. England was allied to the Spanish who were the dominant colonizers of the New World at the time ii. Religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics disrupted England in mid century 1. King Henry VII I broke away from the Catholic Church in the 1530s, starting the Protestant Reformation 2. Elizabeth I made Protestantism the dominant religion in England after she ascended to the English throne in 1558 iii. Religious conflict stressed relations between England and Spain, especially in Ireland 1. The Catholic I rish sought help from Catholic Spain to overthrow Elizabeth but Elizabeth crushed the I rish uprising b/c Spain’s troops did not amount to much in the 1570s and 1580s 2. Elizabeth confiscated Catholic I rish lands and gave them to Protestant landlords in Scotland and England. I I. Elizabeth Energizes England a. Queen Elizabeth encouraged English buccaneers i. They sought to promote the twin goals of Protestantism and plunder by seizing Spanish treasure ships and raiding Spanish settlements, even though England and Spain were technically still at peace ii. A famous seadog who was knighted by Queen Elizabeth was Francis Drake b. England’s first two colonization attempts were failures i. The first effort, by Sir Humphrey Gilbert, was at Newfoundland ii. The second effort, by brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Sir Walter Raleigh, was North Carolinas Roanoke Island which was named after the “Virgin Queen” but mysteriously vanished c. Phillip I I of Spain creates an “Invincible Armada” which he used to invade England in 1588 i. The English defeat the Spanish b/c England had swifter, more maneuverable, and more ably manned ships. ii. The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked the decline of the Spanish empire 1. Within a few decades, the Spanish Netherlands (Holland) would secure their independence 2. Spanish Caribbean would slip from Spain’s grasp 3. Spain overextended its empire b/c Peruvian and Mexican gold contributed to their cockiness iii. The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked the ascent of England and English colonization of the New World 1. I t dampened Spain’s fighting spirit and helped ensure England’s naval dominance in North America 2. England had a strong unified national state under a popular monarch at the time 3. England also had a measure of religious unity after a struggle between Protestants and Catholics 4. England and Spain signed a treaty of peace in 1604 I I I.England on the Eve of Empire a. England had social and economic changes as the seventeenth century opened i. Population growth occurred that contributed to a “surplus population” ii. Landlord in the English countryside were enclosing cropland, forcing many small farmers into tenancy or off the land. Woolen districts, where Puritanism had taken strong root, provided many of the earliest immigrants to America...
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2010 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Salazar during the Spring '10 term at Punjab Engineering College.

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History Chapter 2 Outline - Chapter 2 – The Planting of...

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