History Chapter 2 Summary - Robert Wu Mr Riotto AP US I GL...

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Robert Wu 9/15/08 Mr. Riotto AP US I GL England’s slow, not to mention weak, colonization of the New World in the 1500’s can be ascribed to its alliance with the Spanish who, in contrast, were known for their conquests especially in the New World as well as to religious conflicts, namely between the Roman Catholic church and the Protestant church founded by King Henry VII. The English did not find it necessary to settle in the New World, first of all, because they didn’t want to hurt their alliance with the Spanish and also probably since they believed that, as allies of the Spanish, Spain might share some of their conquests with them. Yet, at the end, the Spanish failed to do this, but some Spanish did participate in a religious struggle against the Protestant church after Ireland’s Catholics started a rebellion with the goal of overthrowing Queen Elizabeth I. These Catholics failed because of the English queen’s superior forces and some lost their lands to Protestant landlords afterwards. Unsatisfied at Spain’s conquests, Queen Elizabeth I promoted plundering of Spanish ships along with settlements in the New World among “hardy English buccaneers”. One of these buccaneers, Francis Drake sailed great distances, looting Spanish fleets on the way, insomuch that he gave English entrepreneurs who financially supported him 4600 percent interest repayment. The first colonization attempts of the English contrasted with Francis Drake’s successes since they were essentially failures that hurt English morale. As a result of England’s consecutive failures and their own continued successes, the Spanish quickly developed a large ego and started believing they were invincible. In fact, Phillip II had sent a fleet of large, overbearing ships into the English channel he called the “Invincible Armada” in 1588 in hopes of conquering the English once in for all. What he believed would occur
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