History Chapter 4 Outline

History Chapter 4 Outline - ers in wealthIndenturedwhites...

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g reat planters who dominated the region’s economy and the political scene Slaves Indentured Servants Landless whites n ters in wealth and political power, lived on hand-to-mouth existence Chapter 4 – American Life in the Seventeenth Century I. The Unhealthy Chesapeake a. Life was short for Chesapeake settlers because of disease: malaria, dysentery, and typhoid b. The disease-ravaged colonies of the Chesapeake grew slowly in the 17 th century only b/c of fresh immigrants from England i. Most immigrants were single men in their teens or early twenties but most died soon after arrival ii. Survival male competed for the remaining women women were scarce in the Chesapeake Bay region c. Families were few and fragile i. Most men could not find women to marry but many pre-marriage pregnancies occurred along unmarried young girls ii. Relationships and families were destroyed by the death of respectively a partner or parent d. Conditions in the Chesapeake Bay region eventually approved in the 18 th century i. Inhabitants started gaining immunity to killer diseases: malaria, dysentery, and typhoid ii. The presence of more women allowed more families to form and the Chesapeake Bay was growing on the basis of its own birthrate at the end of the 17 th century iii. The most populous colonies as the 18 th century opened was Virginia, Maryland, and Massachusetts II. The Tobacco Economy a. The Chesapeake welcomed tobacco cultivation even though it was unhealthy for human life i. Some settlers planted tobacco to sell before they had corn to eat ii. Tobacco cultivation exhausted the land settlers plunged farther up river valley and provoked more Indian attacks while looking for more land iii. The enormous production of tobacco depressed tobacco prices but settlers responded by planting more tobacco
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b. Indentured servants who were usually displaced farmers provided labor for the cultivation of tobacco i. In exchange for a transatlantic passage and freedom dues, including corn, clothes, and maybe a small parcel of land, indentured servants offered their services to their Chesapeake masters ii. Virginia and Maryland used the “head right” system to encourage the importation of indentured servants 1. 50 acres of land were given to masters for every one indentured servant that he imported 2. Masters usually took advantage of the head right system to become great merchant planters who dominated agriculture and commerce in the southern colonies 3. Indentured servants represented ¾ of the population of all European immigrants to Virginia and Maryland in the 17 th century 4. Indentured servants looked forward to gaining their freedom and land but, as land grew scarcer, masters become more strict and gave less indentured servants their freedom dues indentured servants had to hire themselves out for low wages to their former masters III. Frustrated Freeman and Bacon’s Rebellion a. More and more footloose and impoverished freemen drifted around the Chesapeake
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2010 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Salazar during the Spring '10 term at Punjab Engineering College.

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History Chapter 4 Outline - ers in wealthIndenturedwhites...

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