History Chapter 5 Outline

History Chapter 5 - FoodCSlaves sugar islands New Rum England Westaribbean oranges Chapter 5 Outline London Gold mericaProducts Africa and wine

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Caribbean sugar islands Industrial goods Gold, wine, oranges Food and Forest Products America London, England Molasses Slaves Rum New England West Indies Africa History Chapter 5 Outline I. Conquest by the Cradle a. The thirteen colonies that eventually rebelled against the mother country England all possessed lusty population growth from 1700 to 1775 i. White colonists and black colonists both accounted for about half of the population of the thirteen colonies ii. The spurt of population stemmed from the natural fertility of Americans, both white and black iii. As a result, the ratio of English colonists to Americans changed from 20:1 in 1700 to 3:1 in 1775 b. Most of the population of the thirteen colonies were located east of the Alleghenies i. However, in 1775, a vanguard of pioneers traveled into Tennessee and Kentucky ii. The most populous colonies in 1775 were Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Maryland in that same order iii. The only four cities were Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and Charleston iv. 90% of people still lived in rural areas in 1775 II. A Mingling of the Races a. Germans constituted 6% of the total population in 1775 i. They fled from religious persecution, economic oppression, and the ravages of war to settle mostly in Pennsylvania in the early 1700s ii. They belonged to several, different Protestant sects, primary Lutheran and therefore enhanced the religious diversity of the colony iii. They were known as the Pennsylvania Dutch and made up one-third of Pennsylvania’s population iv. They lived in the backcountry of Pennsylvania and experienced industry and prosperity but did not feel loyalty to the British crown and therefore retained their German language and customs b. The Scots-Irish constituted 7% of the population in 1775 i. They were originally Scot Lowlanders who were moved to northern Ireland where they did not prosper because the Irish Catholic resented them and put economic restrictions on their linen and wool production
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ii. They moved from Ireland to America in the late 1700s to find the best acres of Pennsylvania taken up by Germans and Quakers and therefore became frontiersmen, illegally squatting on unoccupied lands and quarreling with Indians and white owners iii. The “great wagon road” was a chain of Scots-Irish settlements which hugged the eastern Appalachian foothills from Pennsylvania to Georgia iv. Pugnacious, lawless, and individualistic, they were famous for their whiskey making and had did not support the British government 1. The armed march of the Paxton Boys protested the Quaker oligarchy’s lenient policy towards the Indians 2. They also led the Regulator movement in North Carolina which disapproved of the eastern domination of the colony’s affairs 3. Andrew Jackson was a Scot-British hothead, a future American revolutionary, and president c. The multicolored colonial population consisting of other European groups constituted 5 percent of the multicolored colonial population
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2010 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Salazar during the Spring '10 term at Punjab Engineering College.

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History Chapter 5 - FoodCSlaves sugar islands New Rum England Westaribbean oranges Chapter 5 Outline London Gold mericaProducts Africa and wine

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