History Chapter 10 Outline

History Chapter 10 Outline - Chapter 10 Launching the New...

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Chapter 10 – Launching the New Ship of State I. Growing Pains a. The Republic was growing at an amazing rate after the Constitution was launched in 1789 i. Population doubled every 25 years ii. First official census in 1790 = 4,000,000 people iii. Three largest cities: Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Charleston, Baltimore b. American’s were 90% rural and 5% lived west of the Appalachian Mountains i. Most trans-Appalachian settlers settled in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio, which were welcomed as states within 14 years ii. Foreign visitors to American looked down to Americans b’c’ of their roughness and crudity from pioneering life iii. People of western waters were restive and dubiously loyal b’c’ Spaniards who controlled the mouth of the Mississippi attracted settlers with gold and promises of independence II. Washington for President a. Washington was voted president unanimity through the electoral college in 1789 and took the oath of office on April 30, 1789 i. Washington preferred Mount Vernon to politics and commanded him followers be strength of character rather than political skills ii. His presence was imposing b. Washington put his stamp on the new government by establishing the cabinet
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i. Constitution does not mention cabinet but only states that president “may require” written opinions of the heads of the executive-branch departments ii. Cabinet meetings Washington administration iii. Department heads: Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, and Secretary of War Henry Knox III.The Bill of Rights a. Drawing up a bill of rights headed the list of imperatives facing the new government i. Anti-federalists criticized the constitution for its failure to provide guarantees of individual rights ii. Many states ratified the federal Constitution on the understanding that it would soon be amended to include a bill of rights b. James Madison wrote the Bill of Rights and presented it to Congress in 1791 i. Amendments to the Constitution could be proposed in two ways: constitutional convention requested by 2/3 of Congress of 2/3 of states ii. (See Bill of Rights Worksheet) iii. Madison preserved a strong central government while specifying protections for minority and individual liberties c. Judiciary Act of 1789 – organized the Supreme Court into a chief justice and five associate justices, federal district, circuit courts, and established office of attorney general (John Jay) d. John Jay and James Madison collaborated in writing The Federalist papers IV. Hamilton Revives the Corpse of Public Credit
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a. Alexander Hamilton set out immediately to correct the economic vexation of the Articles of Confederation i. His plan was to shape the fiscal policies of the administration to favor the wealthier groups the wealthier groups would lend the government monetary and political support prosperity would trickle down to the masses ii. Hamilton’s first objective was to bolster national debt and therefore
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History Chapter 10 Outline - Chapter 10 Launching the New...

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