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History Chapter 10 Questions

History Chapter 10 Questions - Robert Wu Period 5 US I AP...

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Robert Wu US I AP – GL Period 5 2/11/09 1- Federalists, also known as Republicans today, were fused into a group by Hamilton from Federalists from the pre-Constitution period in 1793. As did all Federalists but unlike today’s Republicans, Hamilton supported a strong central government ruled by aristocrats in order to check the excesses of the population. He also believed in a government that supported private enterprise but did not interfere with it. As a result, most Republicans lived near the eastern seaboard where merchants, manufacturers, and shippers were numerous compared to the west. Also, since the 1790s, presidents such as Republican President Abraham Lincoln have taken a heavier hand in the economy, making the American Dream possible for all Americans instead of only the aristocratic class. Even though Jefferson possessed an aristocratic background of owning slaves and living in a mansion, he represented the voice of common people from the middle and lower classes: poorer farmers, laborers, artisans, and small shopkeepers. Unlike Republicans, Jeffersonians or Democrats supported a weak central government with power concentrated in the states as well as no special privileges for the higher classes. Jefferson also advocated rule of the people, but nevertheless, he favored a government for only those educated enough to uphold the honor that comes with citizenship and thus suffrage. Today, Democrats support universal suffrage and citizenship if one fulfils its requirements.
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