Lecture Notes--Psycholinguistics

Lecture Notes--Psycholinguistics - Psycholingusitics pp...

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Psycholingusitics pp. 409-411; pp. 413-417; pp. 418-420; pp. 421-424 1.0 Intro Psycholinguistics deals with linguistic PERFORMANCE the comprehension and production of utterances the PROCESSING that occurs in taking the linguistic knowledge we have (our competence) and applying it in communicative discourse EX. What’s the “connection” procedure that allows us to refer to a concept in our world with a particular grouping of sound segments in our lexicon with a particular phonetic form? A number of psychological processes involved in understanding and producing utterances: parsing, access, selection and activation, etc. 1.1 Comprehension First process in “understanding” an utterance: segmenting the acoustic signal speech comes in as a continuous signal—examining a “spectrogram” of an utterance will show that sounds may overlap BUT a hearer thinks he is hearing discrete units! **Invariance problem: how is the hearer able to recognize speech sounds as similar when their sound “quality” is different? For example, when uttered by a high-pitched voice, a low-pitched voice, an accented speaker, etc. this is solved by “normalization” procedures that a hearer can apply to sounds perceived in speech stream **Segmentation problem: how does the hearer divide that continuous stream into meaningful units? language specific knowledge: depending on the segments that form the phonemic inventory of a hearer’s language (ie. English /l/ and /r/ but Japanese only one liquid!) context: [w a j t š u z] -if talking about a shoe store: white shoes -if talking about having 2 boyfriends: Why choose? BUT providing meaning to any speech stream implies PARSING it into lexical and grammatical pieces and connecting the pieces to stored meanings for the possible sound units—LEXICAL ACCESS SO…comprehension involves segmenting continuous speech stream into 1
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2010 for the course LIN 200 taught by Professor Nagy during the Summer '08 term at University of Toronto.

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Lecture Notes--Psycholinguistics - Psycholingusitics pp...

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