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Unformatted text preview: In Darley, J. M., Zanna, M. P., & Roediger III, H. L. (Eds) (2002). The Compleat Academic: A Career Guide . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Writing the Empirical Journal Article Daryl J. Bem Cornell University Planning it 2 Which Article Should You Write 2 Analyzing Data 2 Reporting the Findings 3 How Should You Write? 3 For Whom Should You Write? 4 Writing It 4 The Shape of An Article 4 The Introduction 5 The Opening Statements 5 Examples of Examples 7 The Literature Review 7 Citations 8 Criticizing Previous Work 8 Ending the Introduction 8 The Method Section 9 The Results Section 10 Setting the Stage 10 Presenting the Findings 11 Figures and Tables 12 On Statistics 12 The Discussion Section 13 The Title and Abstract 14 Rewriting It 15 Some Matters of Style 17 Omit Needless Words 17 Avoid Metacomments on the Writing 18 Use Repetition and Parallel Construction 19 Jargon 20 Voice and Self-Reference 20 Tense 21 Avoid Language Bias 21 Research Participants 21 Sex and Gender 21 Racial and Ethnic Identity 22 Sexual Orientation 22 Disabilities 23 Common Errors of Grammar and Usage 23 Compared with versus Compared to 23 Data 23 Different from versus Different than 23 None. No One 24 Since versus Because 24 That versus Which 24 While versus Although , But , Whereas 24 Publishing It 24 References 26 Writing the Empirical Journal Article 2 You have conducted a study and analyzed the data. Now it is time to write. To publish. To tell the world what you have learned. The purpose of this article is to enhance the chances that some journal editor will let you do so. If you are new to this enterprise, you may find it helpful to consult two addi- tional sources of information. For detailed information on the proper format of a journal article, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Asso- ciation (APA, 2001) and recent articles in the journal to which you plan to submit your manuscript. For renewing your acquaintance with the formal and stylistic elements of English prose, you can read Chapter 2 of the Publication Manual or any one of several style manuals. I recommend The Elements of Style by Strunk and White (2000). It is brief, witty, and inexpensive. Because I write, review, and edit primarily for journals in personality and so- cial psychology, I have drawn most of my examples from those areas. Colleagues assure me, however, that the guidelines set forth here are also pertinent for arti- cles in experimental psychology and biopsychology. Similarly, this article focuses on the report of an empirical study, but the general writing suggestions apply as well to the theoretical articles, literature reviews, and methodological contribu- tions that also appear in our journals. (Specific guidance for preparing a litera- ture review article for Psychological Bulletin can be found in Bem, 1995.) Planning It Which Article Should You Write?...
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This note was uploaded on 10/06/2010 for the course PSYCH 4300 taught by Professor Pizarro, d during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).
- Spring '10
- PIZARRO, D