research paper 4300 - Positive Emotions Fosters Resilience...

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Positive Emotions Fosters Resilience in Depressive Patients Recent research suggests that resilient individuals utilize positive emotions as a coping mechanism during times of heightened stress or negative life event (Tugade, M. & Fredrickson, B., 2004). An individual’s sense of self and identity is tied to the persons past and goals for the future. Some individuals with a strong sense of self and identity seem to navigate through stressful life events with relative ease. However, there are others who suffer from depressive symptoms who are incapable of moving past negative life events. These individuals are faced often stuck in a pattern where they ruminate on negative events and this stifles the ability to move forward with personal goals. The aim of this research is to identify critical periods for the teaching of positive emotions as coping techniques in an effort to minimize or eliminate depressive symptoms. My overall hypothesis suggests that positive emotions will be best utilized by individuals in emerging adulthood and afterwards. In addition, positive emotions will provide be a coping mechanism for depressed individuals albeit to a lesser extent than non-depressed individuals. The Prevalence of Depression Studies have shown that nearly 20 percent of youth in the United States experience depression at some point (Novotney, 2009). This rate is nearly double that of their parents. In addition, more than one in ten students sought counseling at their local college or university campuses in 2008-2009 ( American Psychological Association, 2010). The 2009 National Survey of Counseling Center Directors surveyed 302 counseling institutions representing approximately 2.6 million undergraduate and
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graduate students. They found that there are the rate of students receiving counseling is at an all time high. Nearly one out of every ten students in the 2008-2009 academic year, sought counseling and of those nearly 48 percent have severe psychological problems. Among the centers surveyed, more than 100 suicides where reported. As such, this research study is highly relevant to the current youth population. Emerging adulthood, or the ages from 18-25, is a critical time for identity formation. Life Story, Identity and Goals A person’s evolving life story or narrative identity is an integral part of their personality (McAdams, 2006). McAdams et. al (2006) found that as an individual ages, the meaning continuity of their life story becomes more stable. As an individual moves through adolescence into emerging adulthood, they are able to make meaning of their lives and their personal goals become more salient. Many theorists identify emerging adulthood (between 18-25) as the stage where identity becomes more solidified (McAdams et. al, 2006). Identity exploration and formation are characteristic of this stage in development. Therefore it is during this time that the life story becomes a foundation for personality and goal formation. Among individuals, memory serves to motivate the self (Conway, 2005).
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research paper 4300 - Positive Emotions Fosters Resilience...

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