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HD100 Week 2 notes

HD100 Week 2 notes - Science of Mind Reading Extra credit...

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1 Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 1 Science of Mind Reading Extra credit opportunity • Announcements – New Syllabus next week – Note reflections Due July 17 th , July 31st – Prelim 1 July 20 Covers material from June 22 nd -June 15 th – Prelim 2 August 3 Covers material from June 16 th -July 31 st Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 2 Self-psychopathology Week 2, Lecture 1 The capacity to know oneself and to know others is an inalienable a part of the human condition as is the capacity to know objects or sounds, and it deserves to be investigated no less than these other "less charged" forms. Howard Gardner (1983, p. 243) Frames of Mind Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 3 Gillihan & Farah, 2005 Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 4 Normative experience Self-concept starts with very concrete characteristics. Progresses to more abstraction. Differentiation, contradictions emerges. However, self is experience as singular, coherent. Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 5 History of DID First Dynamic Psychiatry (1775-1900) – Hypnosis, suggestion, automatic writing – Pierre Janet (“psychological automatisms”; disaggregation) Automatism and integration (Janet, 1889) Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 6 History of DID Janet’s Hierarchy of Mental Functions – (1) the reality function – (2) disinterested activity (habitual, indifferent and automatic actions) – (3) functions of imagination (abstract reasoning, fantasy, daydreaming, and representative memory); – (4) emotional reactions – (5) useless muscular movements.
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2 Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 7 History of DID Second Dynamic Psychiatry – Freud emphasis on sex and aggression – Id, ego, and super-ego – Repression and the unconscious Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 8 History of DID Behaviorists (the early and mid 1900s) – Pavlov (classical conditioning) – Skinner (reinforcement) Cognitive revolution (after World War II) – Important to consider the meaning making process (Bruner, 1990) – A belief that psychology should study behavior in order to infer unobservable explanatory constructs (e.g. memory) Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 9 History of DID Paleolithic cave paintings, cases of demon possession. • Gmelin’s (1791) – French Woman/German Woman Benjamin Rush (1812) – Disconnection between two hemispheres Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 10 History of DID Mary Reynolds (1816) Janet’s cases (20 th century) “extinct” by 1943 Christine Sizemore - “The Three Faces of Eve” (1954) Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 11 History of DD • Sybil – "the most important clinical case of multiple personality in the twentieth century"(Greaves, 1993) Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 12 History of DD 17 cases between 1791-1944 20 years later one update (Three faces of Eve) – Thigpen and Cleckley who worked with Eve said they received hundreds of referrals but did not see another valid case.
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3 Week 2 Science of Mind Reading 13 History of DID Epidemic in the 1970s and 1980s (36 cases published between 1970 and 1979, as compared to 8 between 1944-1970).
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