XIONG 1IAH 207-015M. 1/11/10-Lecture 1Cross-Cultural Heritage of AsiaxThe Ideographical Language and the Cultural logicThe Phonetic Dimension•Similarities:oFour sets of syllables have the same consonants and vowels.•Differences:oTone- marks differentiate four identical syllables in terms of four tones/signs.The interrelation between similarity and differences:oThere are different tones for identical syllable; the total variable differentiates one sign fromthe others according to its differences.Beyond to ballistic perception:oThe torah specificity doesn’t care its syllable commonality shared by all four characters.The Phonetic Action- Key features:1)Each character is monosyllable, though the individual characters are often used in t form ofcompounds.2)The torah difference renders each sign of the identical syllables with a specific meaning inthe given text.3)Different sounds cohere each other, which is called congruity (Liu Xie)Ideograph:oA written sign (of a single syllable that represents the idea) of an object rather than thesound of the speech as exemplified in the phonetic language.Character Flexibility:oThe character of horse can be a sign of meaning, sound and structure according todifferent context in the formation of the language.The Concept of Change:oChange is what brings renewal to life.Significant of Change:•Changes as the dynamic force has not only renewed the Chinese literature throughoutcenturies but also re-defined the general understand of the creative area.•The creation of the East Asian literature still makes its specific contributions to theworld progress by adapting to new situation.Stereotypical Views:•To perceive Asia as the exotic other•Tendered to put Asia at the opposite end of the west•Lack of desire to know an unfamiliar culture.Overemphasizing Deference:•To perceive Asia as the same•The modernized West vs. the primitive Asia.•They need to catch up with usHow do we perceive East Asia?•We have to outgrow the oversimplified positions, so that we can turn the unfamiliarwork into our strength. This approach will pave the way for us to succeed in our multiculturalworld.
IAH 207-015W. 1/13/10-lecture 2Early China: The Beginning(Lyrical Mode and Didactic Code) CP 13-31Social context of early China•Tensions between the political center (the Zhou court) and regional lords;•Constant warfare and widespread desires for peace and order•“This violent area of competition between the domains was one of the most intellectuallycreative in china’s history.”The Classical of PoetryIt’s ananthologyof 305 ancient poems:•