Most of the problems of the United states are related
to the economy. One of the major issues facing the country
today is social security.
The United States was one of the last major
industrialized nations to establish a social security
system. In 1911, Wisconsin passed the first state workers
compensation law to be held constitutional. At that time,
most Americans believed the government should not have to
care for the aged, disabled or needy. But such attitudes
changed during the Great Depression in the 1930's.
In 1935, Congress passed the Social Security Act. This
law became the basis of the U.S. social insurance system.
It provided cash benefits to only retired workers in
commerce or industry. In 1939, Congress amended the act to
benefit and dependent children of retired workers and widows
and children of deceased workers . In 1950, the
act began to cover many farm and domestic workers, non
professional self employed workers, and many state and
municipal employees. Coverage became nearly universal in
1956, when lawyers and other professional workers came under
Social security is a government program that helps workers and retired workers and
their families achieve a degree of economic security. Social security also called
social insurance (Robertson p. 33), provides cash payments to help replace income
lost as a result of retirement, unemployment, disability, or death. The program
also helps pay the cost of medical care for people age 65 or older and for some
disabled workers. About one-sixth of the people in the United States receive social
People become eligible to receive benefits by working in a certain period in a job
covered by social security.
Employers and workers finance the program through payroll taxes. Participation in
the social security system is required for about 95 percent of all U.S. workers.
Social security differs from public assistance. Social security pays benefits to
individuals, and their families, largely on the basis of work histories. Public
assistance, or welfare, aids the needy, regardless of their work records.
All industrialized countries as well as many developing nations have a social
security system. The social security program in the United states has three main
parts. They are (1) old-aged, survivors, disability, and hospital insurance
(OASDHI), (2) unemployment insurance; and (3) workers' compensation.
THE SOCIAL SECURITY PAYROLL TAX
This tax was to be taken from the payrolls of the nation's employers and employees.
The government felt that, like unemployment benefits, the social security should be
financed by those who got the greatest benefit, those who worked, and were liable
to need those benefits in the future.
A plan that would affect those only who had paid such a tax for a number of