7. Bio 214 central dogma

7. Bio 214 central dogma - The Central Dogma In Prokaryotic...

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The Central Dogma In Prokaryotic Cells
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Two types of nucleic acid in cells Both types with nearly identical structures Three different components Phosphate group Nitrogen containing base Five-carbon sugar Nucleic Acid in Cells
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Nitrogen Containing Bases
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DNA RNA Protein The Central Dogma transcription replication translation
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Replication Replication DNA DNA
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In procaryotes: bidirectional from a single origin of replication 2 forks move in opposite directions
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standard nucleotides RNA RNA differs from differs from DNA DNA by using by using uracil uracil instead of instead of thymine thymine
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DNA DNA is mostly is mostly double-stranded double-stranded . . RNA RNA is mostly is mostly single-stranded single-stranded . . three types ribosomal RNA (rRNA) transfer RNA (tRNA) messenger RNA (mRNA)
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Transcription Transcription DNA RNA
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The 5’ to 3’ DNA is transcribed into 3’ to 5’ RNA Transcription Transcription
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Amino Acids Amino Acids
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7. Bio 214 central dogma - The Central Dogma In Prokaryotic...

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