ch03_lecture - DISCRIMINATION DISCRIMINATION CHAPTER 3...

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DISCRIMINATION DISCRIMINATION CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 3
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Understanding Discrimination Understanding Discrimination Discrimination Discrimination The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons Two patterns of deprivation, relative and absolute Relative Deprivation Relative Deprivation The conscious experience of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities Absolute Deprivation Absolute Deprivation Implies a fixed standard based on a minimum level of subsistence below which families should not be expected to exist
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Institutional Discrimination Institutional Discrimination The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups that results from the normal operations of a society Institutional forms of discrimination are committed collectively against a group May be unconscious - in that it is not a function of awareness of discrimination
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Examples of Institutional Examples of Institutional Discrimination Discrimination Standards for assessing credit risks do not work for Hispanics and African Americans IQ testing favors middle-class children The entire criminal justice system, from the patrol officer to the judge and jury, is dominated by Whites who find it difficult to understand life in poverty areas Hiring practices often require several years of experience at jobs only recently opened to members of subordinate groups Many jobs automatically eliminate a person with felony records or past drug offenses, which disproportionately reduces employment opportunities for people of color
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Low-Wage Labor Low-Wage Labor Informal Economy Informal Economy (Irregular/Underground Economy) (Irregular/Underground Economy) Consists of transfers of money, goods, or services that are not reported to the government The regular labor market operates according to the principles of the conventional labor market Irregular economy - operates outside the boundaries of the regular economy as it relates to job stability, wages, working conditions or benefits
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Dual Labor Market Model Dual Labor Market Model According to this model, minorities have been relegated to the informal economy Informal economy offers few safeguards against fraud or malpractice Few fringe benefits such as stability, wages, health insurance, and pension Criticized for promoting unfair and dangerous working conditions Workers are ill prepared to enter the regular economy permanently
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ch03_lecture - DISCRIMINATION DISCRIMINATION CHAPTER 3...

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