Hist 030107 lecture 15

Hist 030107 lecture 15 - Hist 030107 lecture 15 Lecture 15...

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Unformatted text preview: Hist 030107 lecture 15 Lecture 15: Islam and World History Arabian Peninsula Byzantine [Eastern Roman] Empire • reconquered much of Mediterranean • Sassanid Persians • tigres/Euphrates valley • Justinian • select committee of people put together a digest, interpretive book, and first law school textbook in Mediterranean • law book became very influential around the world, long ranging effect Heraclius/Khusro: embarced on long series of wars along the frontier, forced people to take alternate routes which caused prosperity in Arabian peninsula Pastoral nomads [Bedouin] and town dwellers • mixture of town dwellers and pastoral nomads • no central authority Mecca • dominated by one tribe Muhammad [ca. 570-632] • born in Mecca • married to Khadijah • began to receive revelations Quraysh From Mecca to Medina • Hijra/Hegira • 24 September AD 622 • Yathrib-Medina • “in the year of the Hijra”=AH Khadijah [555-619] Umma Muslima • Muslim community • Al-islam: surrender, submission...
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Hist 030107 lecture 15 - Hist 030107 lecture 15 Lecture 15...

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