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Lecture 8 - Attention Consciousness How Theyre Related What...

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Attention & Consciousness
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How They’re Related What you’re conscious of is generally what’s in your focus of attention. Attention is a limited resource to be allocated. You use it to select what you’ll be conscious of.
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Attention
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Selective Attention Stimulus-driven capture (e.g., changing traffic lights) Goal-directed selection (e.g., looking for a friend, watching TV, listening to the hum in the room) Benefit: Target object(s) get heightened attention. Cost: Attention to everything else is diminished.
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Attention and finding objects in the environment Preattentive processing Guided search
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Find the red dot Single-feature search is parallel. Pre-attentive, so not constrained by attentional limits.
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Find the white “T” Search for conjunction of features requires focused attention, item-by-item. (So serial processing). Slow.
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Attention As A Resource To Be Allocated To Expand Limits of Attention Practice Leads to automatization. (Becomes nonconscious.) Benefit:
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